PORT-OF-SPAIN, Trinidad and Tobago (Wednesday, February 24, 2021) — Members of the public are being advised that there has been a recent increase in the number of deaths, within the monkey population in South Trinidad.
Laboratory testing, by the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA), subsequently confirmed the presence of the Yellow Fever virus in samples, obtained from the bodies of dead monkeys from this area.
Routine public health surveillance activities are usually conducted by the Veterinary Public Health Division and the Insect Vector Control Division of the Ministry of Health, to monitor the monkey population.
The Yellow Fever virus is transmitted to people, mainly through the bite of an infected mosquito of the Aedes or Haemagogus species. Mosquitoes get the virus by feeding on infected primates (e.g. humans, monkeys) and then can spread the virus to other primates (human or non-human).
Through the Ministry’s Expanded Program on Immunization, the majority of the population would already have been vaccinated against Yellow Fever. Nevertheless, persons are advised to review the Yellow Fever (YFV) section on their immunization card, to ensure that they have been vaccinated.
Those, who has not been vaccinated against Yellow Fever, are being instructed to visit their nearest public health centre to do so, as soon as possible. It is especially important that children are kept current with their vaccination schedules. Children should receive their Yellow Fever vaccine when they are 1 year old. A single primary dose of the yellow fever vaccine provides life-long protection.
The health ministry is asking the population to note that there has been no human case of Yellow Fever recorded in Trinidad and Tobago since 1979, and that there is no outbreak of Yellow Fever at this time.
The following groups of persons are especially at risk:
Veterinary personnel; Laboratory workers, who routinely handle wild type Yellow Fever Virus; Agricultural personnel who frequent forested areas; hunters; forest workers; adventure seekers (e.g. hikers and campers); Defence Force personnel; persons residing in or near forested areas; health workers that frequent forested areas; and persons who frequent forested areas.
Anyone, who develops the following symptoms, should visit the nearest health facility or health care provider as soon as possible: Fever; headache; jaundice ( yellow discoloration of the skin or eyes); muscle pain; and fatigue.
Severe symptoms include: abdominal pains, bleeding of gums, and vomiting.
For more information on yellow fever, contact the Insect Vector Control at: (868)-612-4823.